History Lessons From Parallel Universes

paralel universes

paralel universes


This is my largest post ever written. Probably due to the proper autocomplete functionality offered by today’s available technologies.

You have heard about the fake news all arround the Internet, right?

Let’s take a look at some of the latest news about theese fake news:

Latest fake news stories, or ‘fake news’ and the occasional ‘alternative fact-checking’ in the US news media, is a growing problem. As a consequence, it has caused social media companies such as Facebook to reevaluate their strategies in recent years. One way to address that situation is by developing a new media strategy that takes into account the public opinion and the media’s interest in a variety of aspects of the issue. We believe it will be very interesting to see how the New Yorker uses its new media strategy to respond to this growing problem.
If you have comments or comments on the story, please send them through the comment system below.

The truth is that this news about the fake news is a fake news.

Generated by GPT-2, the biggest version, running on the home computer.

I wanted to try it, and investigate its possibilities by my own hands (fingers), so I put the following text as the initiator for generating more text:

On August 2nd, 1903, a small band of revolutionaries succeeded in freeing the Macedonian mountain town of Kruševo from the Ottoman Empire.


And I started generating fake history lessons about the Macedonian and Balcan’s history, by clicking on only one button per lesson:

Lesson From Universe 1

On August 2nd, 1903, a small band of revolutionaries succeeded in freeing the Macedonian mountain town of Kruševo from the Ottoman Empire. They seized the government offices at the head of an armed march that lasted several days, to the accompaniment of a lively song, “All the town of Kruševo is ours!” The town and the surrounding countryside erupted in celebration. But there were some people who weren’t happy to see their “proud town” now in the hands of the revolutionaries. They were the ones who had fought the Bulgarians and Russians to keep the town.
They were the Serbian and Greek Orthodox residents of the town. The Serbs, who had been driven out of their homes and villages by the Austro-Hungarian Empire, and the Greeks, who were subject to a vicious genocide and occupation by the Turks, had lived peacefully with the Greeks for three generations. When they saw their town stolen from them, they were understandably pissed.
Kruševo, however, had an even more unfortunate relationship with the Greeks than its Albanian neighbours. In 1890, two years after the Greeks had been forced out of Kosovo by the Ottomans, they were allowed to stay on the condition they become Christian. The Greek population of Kruševo refused. The Serbs and the Greeks fought in Kosovo, then came back to Kruševo in October 1903.
While the town was still in the hands of the revolutionaries, two days before the start of the uprising the German military detachment arrived on the Greek side of the border. The Bulgarians weren’t there, but the Serbs were. On August 1st, at 3pm, the Bulgarians withdrew and the soldiers went home. There were no arrests and no violence on either side.
On August 2nd, after hours of fighting, the revolution was over and the revolution was won. The revolutionaries had just taken over the town. The Macedonian and Greek people who had been trying to hold onto their city had been liberated.
But at the same time, the Greeks had made a pact with their Turkish overlords: They could stay in Kruševo, but not live there. The Turks were trying to expel them. The agreement was so informal that it didn’t take effect immediately. But the Greek-Bulgarian conflict would last until 1914, when the Turkish empire collapsed.

Lesson From Universe 2

On August 2nd, 1903, a small band of revolutionaries succeeded in freeing the Macedonian mountain town of Kruševo from the Ottoman Empire. The following year, the Bolsheviks in Russia and the Macedonian revolutionaries celebrated their first joint press conference in Petrograd. And the year after that, in the city of Alexandroupoli, the first communist meeting took place.
The Macedonian revolution of 1903 was followed closely by the Russian revolution of 1917, and the two events have remained in the popular consciousness of the two countries for more than three and a half decades. This was especially the case in the Macedonian republic, where there was much political activity in 1917 and 1919. Some historians have argued that this is to some degree due to the existence of the so-called “Memorial” movement.
In the Macedonian republic, it did not only concern the issues of economic and social justice, but also the issue of national liberation. At its most critical moment, there were already thousands of workers, soldiers and socialists in the city of Pristina, who were taking part in an uprising against the authorities. In contrast, the capital of Russia was largely free of insurrections, a fact that is of obvious importance in the later phase of the Russian revolution. The Russian revolution was initiated by a group of workers’ unions and socialists. After this event, the masses of Russians began to participate in politics with a radical turn.
The revolutionary situation in the Macedonian republic was not confined to the city of Alexandroupoli and its environs. At the beginning of August, there were also some insurrections in the rural areas of Macedonia, such as in Maros, Metaxen, Korone and Raska. In the village of Petre, on the road from Raska to Metaxen, the village militia had taken the initiative and seized the local administration building and several other government facilities. In all these conflicts, the local militia acted with the support of the revolutionary committees, and the Bolshevik Party played a pivotal role.
The Bolshevik Party was also actively involved in the struggles in the city of Tuzla, which was the focal point of the national liberation struggle in the Macedonian republic. After its liberation from the Ottomans, Tuzla had not only become the first capital of the autonomous part of Macedonia (which was the territory that had been under Ottoman rule until September 1916), but also the first capital of all the

Lesson From Universe 3

On August 2nd, 1903, a small band of revolutionaries succeeded in freeing the Macedonian mountain town of Kruševo from the Ottoman Empire. After that event, the people of Macedonia were able to live without fear on their soil, as the only constraint on their freedom was the government.
After the freedom of Macedonia, the Macedonians adopted a republican style of government. All the Macedonian statesman were elected with a popular vote. When the People’s Democratic Party gained absolute majority in the parliament in May 1908, they created the nationalistic and anti-Ottoman League of Struggle for Macedonian Independence (BGNL), with a member’s role for the president. By 1912, the BGNL was one of the three largest political parties in the country, with 25,000 members.
The BGNL also started a campaign against foreign domination and imposed a new constitution on Macedonia that included a declaration of independence and full sovereignty of the federation.
At the end of November 1912, the republic was declared in the name of the Macedonian people as a consequence of the popular vote. The Republic of Macedonia was formally recognised by all the Balkan nations by July 1912, so the whole of Europe would recognise the republic. The People’s Democratic Party won the election and had the most seats in the parliament, and the republic was named the Republic of Macedonia. In 1913, Macedonia signed the European Treaties of Alliance, the Treaty of San Stefano, and the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk.
Political changes in Macedonia, the most significant being the creation of a republic in 1919.
After the founding of the Republic of Macedonia in 1912, political changes took place in the country. The People’s Democratic Party had their biggest influence on the new government, and they changed Macedonia’s constitution to include “self-determination, unity and the principle of territorial integrity”. In 1920, Macedonia formed its first special military unit, the “Kartveli”, a part of which was called the “Balkan Corps”, and the Macedonian flag was raised. Later that year, the People’s Democratic Party gained a majority in parliament, and the national anthem was changed to the Macedonian national anthem.
The first parliamentary election in Macedonia was held in January 1919, with the People’s Democratic Party winning with 51.76% of the vote. There were also parliamentary elections held in 1924 and 1927. The People’s Democratic Party won the 1927

Lesson From Universe 4

On August 2nd, 1903, a small band of revolutionaries succeeded in freeing the Macedonian mountain town of Kruševo from the Ottoman Empire. The next day, in the town centre, the revolutionaries gathered and established their political headquarters, an old monastery which was quickly seized by the fascists. A group of socialists led by Antoni Šercek took up arms to defend their city, but their efforts were thwarted by the local police force. It was here that the first shots were fired, and on August 2nd the town fell to the fascists.
While the situation in the rest of Macedonia remained calm, in Kruševo, many of the local population and the workers, among them Antoni Šercek himself, started to take up arms against the government, leading to a struggle lasting six months. The government was eventually forced to admit defeat, though it had lost as much as 12 percent of the country’s territory in the struggle.
When General Géza Sámek arrived at the city’s gates and assumed military command in early April 1904, he quickly brought order back to the city, ordering all parties to cease and desist from activities, and to disarm their supporters.
For Antoni Šercek and his comrades, the end of the war signaled a new beginning. They soon organised a political party, which became known as the Democratic Labor Union (DLA), and started to make headway against the right wing. At its peak, the DLA had about 50,000 members. Antoni Šercek was elected to the first congress of the DLA on September 30th of that year, and was elected to a number of important positions. In a letter to his wife, in which he was writing from Kruševo during an exile in France, Antoni Šercek wrote:
“The revolution has brought to us all new life and hope, and is the real fulfilment of our hopes and aspirations…. I look towards the future with courage and confidence, for I know that the day has come in which the revolutionary dictatorship of the proletariat and all the oppressed of the country can begin.”
The Kruševo uprising proved to be the spark for an upsurge of communist activity in Macedonia, which soon blossomed into a wave of armed resistance to the ruling junta. Throughout the country, peasant uprisings and demonstrations erupted to reject the government and bring the war to an end. While these uprisings would eventually fizzle, communist groups continued to thrive, with some of them gaining support among the more conservative class conscious elements.
By November 1904, the communists had founded the People’s Party (PKS), which had branches in three other towns, including Prilep, which would be used as a base of operation for future communist operations.
Following the conclusion of the War of Independence in 1912, the government responded by banning all Marxist groups, which it labelled “fascists.” Some communists however managed to evade arrest, while others were imprisoned or forced into exile.
Antoni Šercek spent the next two years fighting for his life, first in prison before joining a Russian prison to survive another attempted execution, in which he also spent time in solitary confinement. He spent the next three years in the Republic of Macedonia in exile, and would eventually relocate to France.
On May 17th, 1919, the government finally collapsed, the people gaining control of the country and forcing the government to sign the Treaty of Trianon, which gave them de jure independence. The government, led by an interim government led by Prince Alexander, would be officially disbanded after it signed the treaty, which also gave the newly formed Republic of Macedonia de facto control over the territory of the Kingdom of Bulgaria. Despite this, the Macedonian Communist Party and other groups kept up a high level of activity until the end of World War Two. In 1944, the PKS was officially dissolved by the then government, though the Communist Party would continue on in secret.
Today, the city of Kruševo remains a vibrant, vibrant town. Today, people can still find a lot of communist-era architecture, and the city hosts many events, both cultural and political, including a yearly Communist festival. Kruševo has also attracted interest from both tourists and locals, and is considered to be one of the most beautiful and historic cities in all of Macedonia.
Image credits: Theodoros Papageorgiou, Flickr; Antoni Šercek, Wikimedia Commons.

Lesson From Universe 5

On August 2nd, 1903, a small band of revolutionaries succeeded in freeing the Macedonian mountain town of Kruševo from the Ottoman Empire. They then moved on to mountaintop capital of Bulgaria, Sofia. The Bulgarians, who had already been forced into a treaty with the Ottomans, saw them as a threat to their power and responded by ordering the Bulgarians’ troops to shoot all the Macedonian troops on the mountain.
The Bulgarian army started the killing in the town of Kruševo, but the Macedonians escaped out a secret door that was built into the Bulgarian fortress. When a column of the Bulgarian forces entered the town they were immediately met by Macedonian troops that had infiltrated from a secret tunnel, the Turks were not expecting the rebels to survive. A fierce firefight broke out. When both sides lost all their troops, the Turkish forces launched an attack and forced the rebels back into the town.
The siege of Kruševo was on for more than two months. The rebels were unable to find weapons to defend the city and were forced to make peace. In October 1903, the Bulgarians captured Bulgaria’s last bastion and declared war on the Sultan.
The war against Bulgaria eventually ended in the treaty of Veliko Tarnovo and the annexation of the Balkan states of Macedonia, Bulgaria and Thrace in 1906.
During the First World War, a new guerrilla movement emerged in the region of Albania in the name of the Albanian National Liberation Army (ALN). The members of the ALN, the Albanian National Army, or ANA, were opposed to any form of alliance between the Italians, who occupied Albania in 1918-19 and were accused of conducting an ethnic cleansing campaign, and the Allied powers, who were involved in the invasion of the country.
The first signs of a threat to the country’s political and social stability appeared in April 1919 when Albanians revolted against the Italian occupation. When the Italians did not leave Albania quickly enough, a group of Albanian partisans under the command of Sasa Dragic, known by his nickname as the “Ghost of Algiers”, staged a series of terrorist attacks that were intended to destabilize the country.
In October of the same year, an Albanian uprising led by Sasa Dragic that was aimed at destroying the Italian forces in Albania began. The ANA managed to attack the capital city of Tirana, taking control of it for a short period of time. After the capture of Tirana, the ANA continued to seize more city after city, but at the end of 1921, the ANA was thrown out of Albania by the Italian forces, who left it with its hands tied.


All of these five stories are generated by GPT-2, initiated with the same content of the first sentence. Everything in the rest of the texts is a fiction generated by the quite sophisticated random number generator named GPT-2.

No comment

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *